U.S. History Timeline 1701-1800

Year Body Era Subjects Country State
1701 Yale College is established in New Haven, Connecticut Colony. 1701-1800 education British North America Connecticut
1712 The New York City Slave Revolt occurs on April 6. 1701-1800 slavery British North America New York
1718 French settlers found New Orleans on May 7. 1701-1800 settlement French North America Louisiana
1732 The first edition of Benjamin Franklin's Poor Richard's Almanack is released in Philadelphia. 1701-1800 literature British North America Pennsylvania
1733 Jonathan Edwards begins Great Awakening religious revival in Northampton, Massachusetts Colony. 1701-1800 religion British North America Massachusetts
1739 The Stono slave revolt, the largest servile uprising in colonial America, begins on September 9 along the Stono River in South Carolina. 1701-1800 slavery British North America South Carolina
1756-1763 The French and Indian War is fought on the Colonial frontier. 1701-1800 war British North America N.A.
1763 On October 7, King George III issues the Proclamation of 1763 which prohibits colonial settlement beyond the Appalachian Mountains. 1701-1800 settlement England N.A.
1764 On April 5, the British Parliament passes the Sugar Act. 1701-1800 law England N.A.
1765 On March 22, Parliament passes the Stamp Act. 1701-1800 law England N.A.
1767 On July 2, Parliament suspends the New York Colonial Assembly for refusing to obey the Quartering Act. 1701-1800 politics England N.A.
1768 On October 1, British troops arrive and occupy Boston. 1701-1800 politics British North America Massachusetts
1770 The Boston Massacre occurs on March 5. Five Bostonians are killed by British soldiers. 1701-1800 rebellion British North America Massachusetts
1773 The Boston Tea Party takes place on December 16. 1701-1800 rebellion British North America Massachusetts
1774 First Continental Congress meets in Philadelphia on September 5. Among its actions are a Declaration of Colonial Rights, an Address to the Inhabitants of Quebec (Canada), and a call for the abolition of the slave trade. 1701-1800 rebellion British North America Pennsylvania
1775 The Battles of Lexington and Concord (Massachusetts), both fought on April 19, initiate the American Revolution. 1701-1800 war British North America Massachusetts
1775 Philadelphia Quakers found the first anti-slavery society in North America on April 14. 1701-1800 slavery British North America Pennsylvania
1775 The Battle of Bunker Hill (Massachusetts) is fought on June 17. 1701-1800 war British North America Massachusetts
1775 The colonists fail in their attempt to seize Canada from the British 1701-1800 international affairs British North America N.A.
1775 On August 23, King George III formally proclaims the colonies to be in rebellion. 1701-1800 rebellion England N.A.
1776 Thomas Paine publishes Common Sense in Philadelphia on January 10. 1701-1800 politics British North America Pennsylvania
1776 The Declaration of Independence is signed in Philadelphia on July 4. 1701-1800 politics United States Pennsylvania
1776 The Battle of Trenton (New Jersey) is fought on December 26. 1701-1800 war United States New Jersey
1776 By the end of 1776 New Jersey, New York, Massachusetts and New Hampshire grant women the right to vote. They gradually loose the ballot beginning with New York in 1777, Massachusetts in 1780, New Hampshire in 1784, and New Jersey in 1807. 1701-1800 women United States N.A.
1777 Battle of Brandywine (Pennsylvania) takes place on September 11. 1701-1800 war United States Pennsylvania
1777 The Battle of Germantown (Pennsylvania) is fought on October 4. 1701-1800 war United States Pennsylvania
1777 The Articles of Confederation, the first governing documents of the new nation, are adopted by the Second Continental Congress on November 15. 1701-1800 politics United States Pennsylvania
1777 The Battle of Saratoga (New York) is fought on September 19 and October 7. 1701-1800 war United States New York
1778 The French-American military alliance against Great Britain is established on February 6. 1701-1800 international affairs N.A N.A.
1778 The Battle of Monmouth (New Jersey) takes place on June 28. 1701-1800 war United States New Jersey
1780 The Battle of King's Mountain (South Carolina) is fought on October 7. 1701-1800 war United States South Carolina
1781 Battle of Cowpens, South Carolina occurs on January 17. 1701-1800 war United States South Carolina
1781 Los Angeles is founded by mixed-race Spanish settlers from Sinaloa, Mexico on September 4. 1701-1800 settlement United States California
1781 The French and American Armies force Lord Cornwallis, the British Commander, to surrender at Yorktown, Virginia on October 19. 1701-1800 war United States Virginia
1783 The Treaty of Paris, signed on September 3, formally ends the American Revolution. The United States is recognized as an independent nation. 1701-1800 war United States N.A.
1786 Shay's Rebellion, led by Daniel Shay, an indebted western Massachusetts farmhand, poses the first challenge to the authority of the United States government. The Rebellion begins on August 29 and is defeated on February 3, 1787. 1701-1800 rebellion United States Massachusetts
1787 The Northwest Ordinance is enacted by Congress on July 13. It allows for the creation of future states and outlaws slavery in the Northwest Territory. 1701-1800 territorial expansion United States N.A.
1787 The Constitutional Convention meets in Philadelphia from May 14 to September 17. The result of its deliberations is the Constitution of the United States. 1701-1800 government United States Pennsylvania
1787 On December 7, Delaware becomes the first state to ratify the U.S. Constitution. 1701-1800 government United States Delaware
1787 On December 12, Pennsylvania becomes the second state to ratify the U.S. Constitution. 1701-1800 government United States Pennsylvania
1787 On December 18, New Jersey becomes the third state to ratify the U.S. Constitution. 1701-1800 government United States New Jersey
1788 On January 2, Georgia becomes the fourth state to ratify the U.S. Constitution. 1701-1800 government United States Georgia
1788 On January 9, Connecticut becomes the fifth state to ratify the U.S. Constitution. 1701-1800 government United States Connecticut
1788 On February 6, Massachusetts becomes the sixth state to ratify the U.S. Constitution. 1701-1800 government United States Massachusetts
1788 On April 28, Maryland becomes the seventh state to ratify the U.S. Constitution. 1701-1800 government United States Maryland
1788 On May 23, South Carolina becomes the eighth state to ratify the U.S. Constitution. 1701-1800 government United States South Carolina
1788 On June 21, New Hampshire becomes the ninth state to ratify the U.S. Constitution. With its ratification the Constitution is established as the governing document of the United States. 1701-1800 government United States New Hampshire
1788 On June 25, Virginia becomes the tenth state to ratify the U.S. Constitution. 1701-1800 government United States Virginia
1788 On July 26, New York becomes the eleventh state to ratify the U.S. Constitution. 1701-1800 government United States New York
1788 On November 21, North Carolina becomes the twelfth state to ratify the U.S. Constitution. 1701-1800 government United States North Carolina
1789

On January 10, George Washington of Virginia is elected the first President of the United States.

1701-1800 politics United States Virginia
1789 The French Revolution begins on July 14 (Bastille Day). 1701-1800 international affairs France N.A.
1789 On September 25, the Bill of Rights are proposed in the U.S. Congress in Philadelphia. 1701-1800 civil rights United States Pennsylvania
1790 On May 29, Rhode Island becomes the thirteenth state to ratify the U.S. Constitution. 1701-1800 government United States Rhode Island
1790 On July 16, Washington, D.C. becomes the Capital of the United States. 1701-1800 government United States District of Columbia
1790 The first U.S census reveals that the nation's population on August 2 is 3,929,214. 1701-1800 population United States N.A.
1791 On March 4, Vermont becomes the fourteenth state. 1701-1800 statehood United States Vermont
1791 Toussaint L'Ouverture launches the Haitian Revolution on August 22. 1701-1800 international affairs Haiti N.A.
1791 The Whiskey Rebellion begins on September 11, in Washington County, Pennsylvania when a federal tax collector is tarred and feathered to protest to the excise tax on liquor. The Rebellion ends on June 5, 1794 when Congress modifies the tax law. 1701-1800 rebellion United States Pennsylvania
1791

On December 15, the Bill of Rights, the first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution, becomes law with their ratification by Virginia.

1701-1800 constitutional amendments United States Virginia
1792 On June 1, Kentucky becomes the fifteenth state. 1701-1800 statehood United States Kentucky
1792

George Washington is reelected President.

1701-1800 politics United States Virginia
1792-1793 The Federalist and Democratic-Republican parties formed. 1701-1800 politics United States N.A.
1793 King Louis XVI is beheaded on January 21, during the French Revolution. 1701-1800 international affairs France N.A.
1793 In April, Eli Whitney constructs the first the U.S. cotton gin in Georgia. 1701-1800 science & technology United States Georgia
1793 Samuel Slater builds first U.S. textile mill in Pawtucket, Rhode Island. 1701-1800 industry United States Rhode Island
1795

On February 7, the Eleventh Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which limits U.S. Supreme Court jurisdiction, becomes law with its ratification by North Carolina.

1701-1800 constitutional amendments United States North Carolina
1795 The University of North Carolina, the first major public university in the U.S., is established in Chapel Hill, North Carolina and receives its first students in September. 1701-1800 education United States North Carolina
1796 On June 1, Tennessee becomes the sixteenth state. 1701-1800 statehood United States Tennessee
1796

George Washington ends his second term as President by giving his Farewell Address as a letter published in major newspapers beginning on September 19.

1701-1800 politics United States District of Columbia
1796

On December 7, John Adams of Massachusetts is elected the second President of the United States.

1701-1800 politics United States Massachusetts
1798

The Alien and Sedition Acts are four bills passed by Congress between June 25 and July 14.

1701-1800 civil rights United States District of Columbia
1798-1800 Undeclared war with France. 1701-1800 war N.A. N.A.
1800 The second U.S census reveals that the nation's population on August 4 is 5,308,483. 1701-1800 population United States N.A.
1800 On August 30, Gabriel (erroneously known as Gabriel Prosser) initiates a slave rebellion in Richmond, Virginia. 1701-1800 slavery United States Virginia